Acne Medication-Four Remedies Guaranteed to Work

If you are in the need of acne medication, you are certain to want remedies that you know will work on your particular type of acne.  There are many types of acne skin conditions and remedies that work on one type of acne may not necessarily work on another. Treatment usually escalates right along with the severity of the symptoms. Generally, mild acne or occasional outbreaks of the lesions require a lesser level of treatment than that of moderate to severe acne conditions. You may actually be able to do fine with over the counter remedies.  You can consult with your family doctor or dermatologist to pick the appropriate level of treatment.

Determine the Type of Acne

There are many different types of acne.  The most common type is adolescent acne, but adult acne also plagues a significant percentage of adults. The severity of the acne condition will make a difference in the type of acne medication that is selected, but even more important is the need to have a medical professional diagnose the type of acne. If the acne is serious enough to require a prescribed medication rather than over-the-counter then you will need to visit a medical professional anyway.

Topical Treatment

If your acne condition is mild or sporadic, your physician will probably recommend a cream, lotion or gel that is applied to the surface of the skin.  Topical acne medication often focuses on gentle reduction of the oil production or sebum from the sebaceous glands. The acne sufferer will probably be put off by the necessity of applying these remedies daily or twice daily. However, the need for antibiotics taken orally is a problem with other acne sufferers. However, both types of treatment are proven successful. This type of medication can be enough to treat the symptoms in many instances.

Oral Treatment

If your acne condition has gone from mild or sporadic, you may be urged to move to an oral acne medication. There are several very good oral treatment medications.  The most commonly prescribed oral medication is oral tetracycline, closely followed by erythromycin and minocycline.  There are some side effects associated with by erythromycin and minocycline, but the side effects may be preferable to the scars, blotches and pain of acne zits. It is encouraging to realize that prompt treatment can help to prevent permanent scars from the acne condition.

Give it Time

Regardless of the type of acne medication that you are to take, it is important to realize that any medication requires time to work.  You cannot expect overnight results from either the topical medication or the oral medication.  In many instances, the level of the medication must build up in the system over days or weeks before a significant difference in the skin condition can be seen.  It is important not to give up before the medication has enough time to be effective. Topical medications must be religiously applied according to directions in order to be a successful deterrent to acne blemished.

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Meet 80-year-old ‘Medicine Baba’ who Collects Medicine from Rich and Gives to Poor



New Delhi: It is not necessary to be a billionaire like Bill Gates or Mukesh Ambani, to help the poor and needy. Omkar Nath Sharma who is known as medicine baba used to go door to door to collect medicines for poor.

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Zoopharmacognosy: Nature’s Pharmacy Used by Animals

Zoopharmacognosy: Nature’s Pharmacy used by animals

Author’s name: Prof. Pradeep Mishra, Bhupesh C Semwal, Sonia SIngh*  

Introduction: Self-medicating behavior is a topic of rapidly growing interest to behaviorists, parasitologists, ethnobotanists, chemical ecologists, conservationists, and physicians.  Scientists from various disciplines are currently exploring the possibility that many species use plants, soils, insects, and fungi as ‘medicines’ in ways that guard against future illness (preventive medicine) and/or relieve unpleasant symptoms (curative or therapeutic medicine).  It is important to note that the scientific study of animal self-medication is not based on an assumption that animals possess an innate ‘wisdom’ by which they flawlessly know what is good for them.  Self-medication strategies are survival skills honed by natural selection.  In most cases self-medication could be motivated by a desire to immediately reduce unpleasant sensations.  Some species, particularly great apes, show an intention of purpose in their medication and in these cases the term ‘zoopharmacognosy’ was coined to describe the process by which wild animals select and use specific plants with medicinal properties for the treatment and prevention of disease1.

                  In other words we can say that, “Zoopharmacognosy” refers to the process by which animal self-medicate, by selecting and utilizing plants and soils and insects to treat and prevent disease. Coined by Dr.Eloy Rodriguez a biochemist and professor at Cornell University,  the word is derived from roots zoo (“animal”), pharma (“drug”), and gnosy (“knowing”)2. Since ancient times people have recorded observations of animals apparently healing themselves with natural medicines.  Many herbs still retain a common name that infers this use: dog-grass (Agropyron repens), catnip (Nepeta cataria), and horny goat weed (Epimedium sp.), to name a few.  However, these observations remain largely unexplored by science.  Many stories of animal self-medication are clearly designed to inform and communicate herbal lore rather than fact.  Others are simply misinterpretations of animal behaviour. 

                          According to Chinese folklore, many centuries ago a farmer in the Yunnan district found a snake near his hut. Fearful for his life, he beat it senseless with a hoe and left it for dead. A few days later, the same snake returned. Again he tried to kill it, but again it returned. After he had beaten it a third time, the farmer followed the severely wounded snake as it crawled into a clump of weeds, started feeding on them, and thereby rapidly cured the worst of its injuries. The plant in the story was Panex notoginseng, which now forms the main ingredient in the herbal formulation ‘Yunnan bai yao’, a white powder that cauterizes cuts and stems external bleeding immediately. It was standard issue in the Vietnam War, for use when soldiers were wounded far from conventional medical treatment1.

Self-medication by animals:                      

Chewing plants: Huffman is one of the pioneers of zoopharmacognosy, thanks to his observations in 1987 of an animal -the chimp – attempting to heal herself. Intrigued by her speedy recovery and curious about the cause of her illness, Huffman analyzed the chimp’s dung and found the intestinal parasite Oesophagostomum stephanostomumto is the most likely explanation for her symptoms. What’s more, he found lower levels of the worm in another female chimp’s excretions 20 hours after she ate the bitter pith from a Vernonia tree, when suffering from diarrhea. Huffman and his colleagues isolated an entirely new class of compounds from the pith, one of which, vernonioside B1, was found to possess antiparasitic, antitumor, and antibacterial properties.

                           Why chimpanzees go to all this trouble to find Aspilia leaves? For several reasons, scientists think that chimpanzees eat this plant to exploit its medicinal properties. First, chimps consume more of these leaves during the rainy season, when parasitic larvae abound and there is increased risk of infection. Second, swallowing the leaves whole rather than chewing they provide no nutritional benefit to the animals, as they pass through the animal undigested. Africans use Aspilia plant, for a wide variety of illnesses such as lumbago, sciatica, scurvy, malaria, and rheumatism.

                           Experts are now searching for answers to the bigger question: What is the mechanism by which leaf swallowing acts against parasites? One analysis showed Aspilia leaves to contain a bright red oil known as thiarubrine-A, a compound clinically proven to kill parasites, viruses, fungi, and bacteria. Huffman found live worms in chimp feces stuck “like Velcro” to leaf hairs and trapped within the folds. He speculates that worms may become attached to the leaves or somehow enticed into the folds during digestion, taking a “magic carpet ride” through the gastrointestinal tract, eventually to be excreted from the body. Chemicals in the plant may also decrease the ability of the parasites to adhere to the intestine, making it easier for them to be swept out by the leaves. To date, experts have documented 30 plant species whose hairy leaves are “swallowed whole,” not just by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), but by pygmy chimps, or “bonobos” (Pan paniscus), and eastern lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla graueri). These great apes, of course, share their forest pharmacy with another important primate: Homo sapiens. . Rubia cordifolia is the antiparasitic plant Ugandans use to relieve stomach ailments. Traditionally, people of that country also rely on Aneilema aequinoctiale for fevers, earaches, and to stop bleeding. Lippia plicata is ingested by Africans for more serious threats such as dysentery and malaria. And in Tanzania, Ficus exasperata is the preferred antidote for ulcer sufferers.

Wild remedies for reproduction: Animals may have “stumbled” upon a wealth of ways to control reproduction, and scientists believe recent discoveries are only the tip of the iceberg. According to World Wildlife Fund scientist Holly Dublin, African elephants (Loxodanta africana) seek a particular species of tree, possibly to induce labor. Dublin followed a pregnant elephant for more than a year in East Africa, and observed that the elephant followed a strictly uniform diet and pattern of daily behavior until near the end of gestation. At that time, the elephant walked 17 miles in one day -many more than her usual three- and ate a tree of the Boraginaceae family from leaves to trunk! Four days later she gave birth to a healthy calf. The University of Wisconsin anthropologist Karen Strier found that, at different times, muriqui monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides)of Brazil go out of their way to eat leaves of Apulia leiocarpa and Platypodium elegans,and the fruit of Enterlobium contortisiliquim(monkey’s ear). The first two plants contain isoflavanoids which are componds similar to estrogen. Ingesting the leaves may increase estrogen levels in the body, thereby decreasing fertility. Alternatively, eating monkey’s ear may increase the monkey’s chances of becoming pregnant because the plant contains a precursor to progesterone (the “pregnancy hormone”) called stigmasterol.

Fur rubbing behavior: Mary Baker, an anthropologist at the University of California, studied that white-faced Capuchin monkeys ( Cebus capucinus) breaking open the fruits of certain species of Citrus plants, and rubbing the pulp and juice into their fur. They also tore stems, leaves, and seed pods from Clematis dioica, Piper marginatum and Sloanea terniflorastems, mixed with saliva and vigorously rubbed them in as well. These botanicals contain secondary compounds with healing and insect- repelling characteristics. Baker also observed that fur-rubbing behaviour becomes more frequent when temperatures and humidity rise during the rainy season. This may be due to the corresponding increase in the risk of bacterial or fungal infections. North American brown bears (Ursus arctos) chew the root of Ligusticum porteri, making a paste of the plant with saliva, rub on their faces. Ligusticum porteri contains coumarins- fragant organic compounds that may repel insects when topically applied3.                     

                            ‘Fur rubbing is a typical behaviour of rubbing masticated plant materials and other objects such as insects on the external surface of the body by animals. Fur rubbing has been reported in a variety of primates, like Cebus capucinus, C. olivaceus, C.paella, Atelos geoffroyi, A. belzebuth, Aotus boliviensis, A. lemurinus griseimembra, A. nancymaae and Eulemur macaco. It has been suggested that fur rubbing serves to repel or kill ectoparasites. In Venezuela, Capuchin monkeys rub highly toxic millipede secretion into their fur during the humid met season when insect bites are high. The millipede seretions contain benzoquinones, which are well known for their insect repellant property.White- nosed coatis (Nasus narica) have been observed coating their body with the resin of Trattinnickia aspera (Burseraceae). These may also serve to control ectoparasites and thus should be considered a self-medication4.

Eating bacteria for digestion: The folivorous, or leaf-eating, hoatzin, however, uses specialized bacteria in the crop to break down hard-to-digest leafy plant material. Research indicates that the bird’s gut bacteria also neutralize toxic secondary compounds found in the plants it eats.

Antimicrobial property of plant: According to biologist John Berry at Cornell University, sweet red fruits of Aframomum angustifolium, having antimicrobial properties actually pose a digestive threat to the normal, healthy population of microorganisms found in the gorilla’s gut. After eating fruits of this wild ginger, antibacterial compounds in the plant can temporarily damage these microbes, in turn upsetting the gorilla’s digestive system if they aren’t already a regular part of the diet. Evidence shows that the gorilla’s microbiota has developed resistance to the biologically active components of the plant in areas where it is commonly eaten–an adaptation3.

Anting behaviour: ‘Anting’ is a behaviour in which birds rub crushed ants throughout their plumage and some birds let the ants to crawl over their plumage by directly lying on ants nests. Anting is reported in more than 200 species of songbirds and it is used to soothe irritated skin, help with feather maintenance and repel or reduce ectoparasites. The most commonly used ants by birds for anting are those species which contain formic acid. Subsequent empirical studies with bird lice revealed that formic acid is harmful to feather lice.

Antimicrobial lining in the nests: The leaves of wild carrot (Daucus carota, Umbelliferae), significantly reduces the number of fowl mites (Orntithonysus sylviarum) in starling nests. The dusty-footed wood rats (Neotoma fuscipes) place bay foliage around their sleeping nests and it has been experimentally shown that the inclusion of bay foliage significantly reduces the flea larval survival. The wood ants, formica paralugubris often incorporate large quantities of solidified conifer resin into their nests. By creating resin-free and resin –rich experimental nests, it was demonstrated that the included resin inhibits the growth of pathogenic micro-organism inside ant nests4.

                         European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris), lining their nests with select fresh vegetation, these birds are protecting themselves from a myriad of possible infections. Wild carrot (Dauscus carota), for example, kills fowl mites in starling nests. The carrot contains the steroid B-sitosterol, a compound that repels mites and inhibits their egg-laying abilities. Wood storks also reuse old nests, often for generations, over many decades and also bring fresh green material to their nests.  Many of the plants they use are also highly volatile such as red cedar (Juniperus silicola), cypress (Taxodium distichium), black gum (Nyssa bioflora), poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), red maple (Acer rubrum), wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera), Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), and water oak (Quercus virginiana). When tested against large skin beetles that infest wood storks, these plants had no effect.  However, wood storks’ selections show the same profile of aromatic, bitter and astringent plants, suggesting that medication may be about treating the symptoms of mites and bites rather than impacting directly on the ectoparasites.

                         The domestic house sparrow is in on the act too. In Calcutta, scientists have noticed that the house sparrow usually brings neem (Azidiachta indica) leaves, which are powerful insecticides, to line its nest at hatching time.  These sparrows have also been observed to change from neem to quinine-rich leaves of Krishnachua tree (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) during an outbreak of malaria. Quinine controls the symptoms of malaria and scientists wonder whether the sparrows were selecting leaves to deal with malarial symptoms1.

Consumption of soil: ‘Geophagy’ is an act of deliberately consuming soil, stones and rock by herbivorousand omnivorous mammals, birds, reptiles and insects. This behavoiur is observed and studied in the context of self-medication in Japanese macaques (macacca mulatta), mountain gorillas (gorilla gorilla), chimpanzees (pan troglodytes) and african elephants. Geophagy is suggested as a means to maintain gut pH, to meet nutritional requirements for traces minerals, to satisfy hunger for sodium to detoxify previously consumed plant secondary metabolites and to combat intestinal problems like diarrhea4.

Conclusion:

                    Self-medication in animals remains a field with endless unexplored avenues. Washington University biologist Jane Phillips-Conroy, who studied self-medication in baboons, says, “Just because a monkey eats a particular plant doesn’t mean he knows it’s medicinal. We need more definitive studies like those of Huffman, with actual proof that particular plants are effective against particular illnesses. “According to Huffman, “With growing chemoresistance to the Western world’s current arsenal of antibiotics and anthelmintics [antiparasitics], we cannot afford to let that potential source of knowledge disappear3”. Actually, Zoopharmacognosy is based on the apparent ability of animals to show a cognitive grasp of potential medicines in their environment. Further new discoveries in the field of zoopharmacognosy is essential in order to teach us more about behavior, botany, and  with respect to medicine, all areas in which we may apply our knowledge to benefit the upcoming future generations.

 References:

  1. http://www.colostate.edu/Depts/Entomology
  2. http://en.wikipedia .org/
  3. http://nationalzoo.si.edu/publications
  4. Raman R and Kandula S. Zoopharmacognosy: Self-medication in wild animals. Resonance 2008: 245-53.

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Drug Maker Who Jacked Up Cost of Baby Medicine 85,000 Percent Still Isn’t Sorry

Photo: Getty

You can lead a drug company to public shame, but you can’t make it feel remorse.

On Wednesday, Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals agreed to pay a $100 million fine over anticompetitive practices related to Acthar gel, a lifesaving medication for epileptic infants that has ballooned in price from $40 a vial to an outrageous $34,000 a vial since 2001.

Infantile spasms is a rare, sometimes fatal, form of epilepsy that typically strikes babies before their first birthday. According to prosecutors, the company was able to monopolize treatment of the illness with Acthar by buying (and subsequently ignoring) rights to its only major competitor, a synthetic version called Synacthen that sold for a fraction of the price in Europe and Canada.

Under the terms of its settlement with the Federal Trade Commission, Mallinckrodt will license rights to Synacthen to another drug maker for development in the United States, but will admit to no wrongdoing—a fact the company emphasized in a press release on Wednesday.

“[W]e continue to strongly disagree with allegations outlined in the FTC’s complaint,” said Mallinckrodt spokesperson, “believing that key claims are unsupported and even contradicted by scientific data and market facts, and appear to be inconsistent with the views of the FDA.”

In the 2012 New York Times story that first publicized Acthar’s rising costs, the former CEO of Mallinckrodt subsidiary Questcor similarly defended the company’s apparent price-gouging.

“We could lower the price and make less money,” Don M. Bailey told the Times, “and then we would be sued by our shareholders.”

[CNN]

Hearing Loss in Children – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Hearing is essential for young children to learn speech, for their overall learning skills, playing, and developing social skills. In most developed countries, screening for hearing ability is done immediately some time after birth. Otherwise, parents are usually the first to notice hearing defects in young children. Hearing loss is of three types- conductive due to middle ear pathology; sensorineural due to dysfunction of the auditory nerve, outer sensory hair in the cochlea (inner ear) or auditory brain centre; and mixed type involving both conductive and sensorineural pathology.

Hearing loss in children can be present at birth itself and may result from congenital infections, toxic medications taken during pregnancy, birth complications, nervous system disorders, genetic diseases, or due to a strong family history. Acquired hearing deficiency after birth may be due to untreated middle ear infection, other infections, ototoxic medicines, exposure to sudden and excessive noise, and trauma. Treatment of hearing loss due to middle ear infections is usually with medicines, and in severe cases, with a grommet insertion. Mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss is treated using a hearing aid, which can be fitted in children as young as 3 months of age. There is currently no medication for this in the modern system of medicine. Profound sensorineural hearing loss is treated with surgical cochlear implant.

Ayurvedic treatment can be very effectively utilised in successfully treating this condition For hearing loss due to middle ear infections, medicines are given which reduce allergy, inflammation, infection, and fluid buildup. After reduction in symptoms, further treatment is given to prevent frequency of re-occurrence. Unlike adults, children usually do not have permanent damage to middle ear structures such as ossification (stiffening) of the bones which connect the ear drum to the inner ear; results with treatment are therefore quite good and hearing is restored to normal in the majority of affected children.

For the sensorineural type, Ayurvedic treatment is given to provide nutrition, repair damage to the inner ear, and strengthen the auditory nerve and auditory brain centre. This treatment is quite safe for long term administration in children more than 6 months of age. Currently, modern medical science believes that outer sensory hair dysfunction in the cochlea is one of the most common causes for sensorineural hearing loss, and the hair – once damaged – can not be repaired or regenerated. The exact mode of action of Ayurvedic medicines is currently not known; however, there is usually a hearing benefit of 15-25 percent with 4-6 months of regular treatment, which can be objectively confirmed with audio-metric tests. About 40-60 percent hearing benefit can be obtained with about 10-12 months of Ayurvedic treatment.

It is important to note that treated individuals – both adults and children – are exposed to the same environmental, occupational, and lifestyle aggravating factors for hearing loss, which normal people face. These include infections, toxic medications, toxicity due to pollution, stress, trauma, and exposure to sudden or prolonged, excessive sounds, and music. All individuals therefore need to take care to avoid or minimise the risk from such aggravating or risk factors to the maximum extent possible.



Source by Abdulmubeen Mundewadi

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Six Strong Reasons To Make Yourself This Medicine Out Of Carrot (Recipe)



Six Strong Reasons To Make Yourself This Medicine Out Of Carrot (Recipe)
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Traditional Chinese Medicine for Stubborn Chlamydia Infection

Chlamydia infection is the almost most common STDs all over the world. It can lurk in human’s body without showing any symptom and can spread from one to another one through sexual intercourses. Most popular treatment for chlamydia infection is antibiotics. Alternative treatment for chlamydia infection is herbal remedy.

Generally, one to two weeks antibiotics are required for chlamydia patients, and in most cases that is enough for treating the infection. However on someone, antibiotics are not so good as they are expected.

Why antibiotics sometimes fail to treat chlamydia?

Chlamydia infection is caused by the pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis which is a bacterium. Because of its biological traits, Chlamydia trachomatis is going to be resistant to the antibiotics which is taken by the sufferer once. And the more antibiotics the sufferer take, the more resistant it will be to the antibiotics. That why if chlamydia infection cannot be treated at once, it can be very difficult to completely clear it up.

Some patients may subjective don’t want to persist on antibiotics because of their side effects. Eg, Doxycycline. Except for the discomfort of gastrointestinal tract, it may also do harm to kidneys, liver. It affects the develop of children’s teeth and bone even it is seldom used on kids. It is reflected by users that Doxycycline may cause kidney pain.

Because of these factors, some chlamydia infection may be stubborn on sufferers. Thus their only choice on treating chlamydia infection is herbal remedy. Herbs have already been wildly used in medication all over the world, they are booming in many European countries. Among all herbal remedies, traditional Chinese medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill can be the most remarkable one. It is a improved remedy baced on an ancient prescription for genital infections. It’s effect on clearing up symptoms is better than the ancient one. According to the clinical cases, Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill can reduce chlamydia symptoms in one month and can completely eliminate the infection within three months medication. Traditional Chinese medicine for chlamydia infection is worthwhile. 

If you have any question, don’t hesitate to contact us. Email of Dr. Lee: [email protected]

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I gave up medicine to make a real difference as an entrepreneur | Healthcare Professionals Network

The paediatricians who started a children’s medical education organisation

Paediatricians Dr Kate Hersov and Dr Kim Chilman-Blair started Medikidz, a children’s medical education organisation, after becoming frustrated at the lack of resources to help explain health conditions to children.

“As a doctor, I could see this lack of knowledge was leading to fear, isolation, added anxiety and sometimes anger in children that already had the weight of the world on their shoulders,” Hersov says. “We did a lot of research and [decided to use] comic books and superheroes. It’s an amazing medium that spans age range and culture [and is] fantastic for low literacy.”

The first issue, which covered asthma, was published seven years ago. Today, the business has offices in London, New York and Sydney and has distributed more than 4.5m comics in 30 languages to hospitals and clinics across 50 countries. They’ve covered hundreds of conditions that affect children and their loved ones. The most popular so far have been those that cover ADHD, autism and breast cancer.

Each title is written by a doctor on the Medikidz team and sponsored by a private healthcare company, such as Johnson & Johnson, Siemens or Pfizer, which enables the company to distribute the comics for free. Patient groups, leading physicians, nurses and patient families are all consulted on the content before it goes to print, an exercise that usually takes four months.

“It’s very much a collaborative process,” Hersov says. “We believe that to create the best content, you need the perspective of a lot of different voices.”

Although Hersov no longer works as a doctor, she still believes she’s making a real difference to healthcare as an entrepreneur. “The response has been fantastic. Really the best part of Medikidz for me is the feedback from the children and young people who are touched by what we do.”

The midwife who set up an app to help expectant mothers with health advice

Hannah Harvey, founder of the UK’s first health advice app run by midwives, has always been interested in using digital tools to make healthcare more accessible. She still works night shifts as an NHS midwife, but launched Ask the Midwife in July 2016.

“There was a US study that suggested 84% of pregnant women use the internet for health advice,” she says. “So I [wanted to] create something where they could ask questions, instead of using Google or parenting forums.”

The app already has 2,500 users, who can connect with 40 midwives across the UK for a small charge (starting at £1.99). Harvey has plans to expand the business’s offering to video and face-to-face consultations, and hopes to work in partnership with the NHS in the future. “We are there to offer an advice service for non-urgent concerns [so] midwives working in clinical practice [can] focus on continuity of face-to-face care,” she says.

It’s a model the midwives are behind. When Harvey advertised for consultants online, she received more than 500 applications in three days. The midwives all have at least three years’ experience and get paid commission per question they answer. Many manage the work around their NHS shifts.

“I wanted a service for women and their families but it’s been beneficial for the midwives as well,” Harvey says. “Sometimes they need extra work [particularly after they’ve had children], and that’s hard to find outside of clinical practice. We’re really filling a gap there, which is fantastic.”

The biggest challenge, she adds, has been making sure the service is compliant with midwifery regulations and data protection legislation. After months of discussion with lawyers, the Nursing and Midwifery Council and the Care Quality Commission, the advice service is regulated by the Federation of Antenatal Educators.

“‘I believe there is a big market for digital healthcare services,” Harvey adds. “We don’t want to replace triage and community services but rather run alongside them to alleviate the pressure on our NHS.”

The GP who set up a business available across six countries in 19 languages

Dr Mohammad al-Ubaydli saw the difference technology could make to medicine during his ward rotation while at university. After spending a year as a GP, al-Ubaydli went into research and wrote a number of books on IT and healthcare, the last of which proposed giving patients access to their medical records.

“That got me obsessed with the problem,” he says. “I spent a year trying to convince IT directors [to develop something]. But they weren’t doing it at the scale and the pace that I wanted. So I did it myself.”

Patients Know Best, is a platform that contains a patient’s medical records from various healthcare professionals including GPs, hospital staff, social workers and mental health providers. Patients can track symptoms, connect wearable activity devices and message their consultants securely. The business launched in 2008, and is now available across six countries, in 19 languages. Approximately half a million patients use the service.

The success of the business, which secured £5.7m of investment (paywall) in 2015, lay in convincing institutions of the benefits and working collaboratively with them to overcome their initial reservations. The platform has been shown to save time on both sides of the consulting desk – doctors have found that “just in case” appointments are reduced because patients can ask questions online. It empowers the patients – they invite doctors, nurses, carers and relatives to view their records, rather than the other way around. And it enables remote monitoring – an epilepsy team in Peterborough, for example, could view uploaded videos of seizures at home to produce better diagnoses.

Some may argue the business world is incompatible with medicine, but al-Ubaydli believes that everyone working in the healthcare sector has an obligation to make it better.

“A lot of people go through [medical training] thinking there’s only one way to do things and there’s only one way to make a contribution … [But] if you see a problem, you’ve got to fix it. Healthcare will not be fixed without people doing that every day, with every problem that they see.”

Join the Healthcare Professionals Network to read more about issues like this. And follow us on Twitter (@GdnHealthcare) to keep up with the latest healthcare news and views.

Vaginal Herpes is a Herpes Simplex Virus

Vaginal herpes is a herpes simplex virus, usually type 2, occurring in the vagina. Herpes simplex viruses live in the dorsal nerve root ganglion and maybe shed from the skin or mucous membranes without the symptoms of an infection being present. This type of herpes can be contracted by genital to genital contact or especially in the case of the herpes simplex type 1 virus, vaginal herpes can be contracted with oral to genital contact from a person with fever blisters around the mouth.

The primary, or first time outbreak of herpes, can be a devastating illness. In addition to multiple small blisters in and around the vagina that turn into ulcers, the lymph nodes in the groin are swollen and tender. Also a woman who has a primary vaginal herpes infection will run a low grade fever. Typically, she has the feeling of coming down with a flu-like illness until the blisters begin to develop identifying the true reason for the fever. Burning with urination is also a common symptom of primary vaginal herpes.

Unlike the primary outbreak, which is a systemic illness, the secondary or recurrent outbreaks are self limited and short lived. In secondary vaginal herpes outbreaks there are few blisters turning into ulcers and no systemic symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes or fever. While the primary outbreak of herpes usually lasts for up to a week, secondary outbreaks are only three or four days.

In addition to viral shedding during any outbreak from herpes, patients can shed virus when no symptoms are occurring. Since the virus remains in the dorsal nerve roots it can come out long the nerve ends at any time. For this reason many women with known herpes infections will take an antiviral medication to suppress viral shedding. This will reduce the number of outbreaks of vaginal herpes and help protect sexual partners from catching the virus.



Source by Dr John Milhaven

New Hair Loss Medication for Improved Results

It always used to be the case that hair loss medication was pretty much of an anathema – a palliative prescribed to sufferers from various hair loss conditions in the hope that some of it might take. This is no longer true. Significant advances in the science of hair loss therapy by means other than transplant have identified a couple of areas where man made chemical application can either stimulate the growth of new hair or significantly retard the loss of original hair.

Much of this science has to do with male hormones, which are usually the causes of hair loss in the first place. Testosterone, the male growth hormone, converts naturally to a substance known as DHT (dihydrotestosterone) – the major culprit for all types of hereditary balding. Once the scalp starts to produce DHT the hair falls out – so modern hair loss medication concentrates on inhibiting the conversion of normal testosterone to DHT on the understanding that this should slow down the balding process. It should be noted that in most cases DHT inhibitors cannot promote hair re-growth (though if the process is arrested early enough, they can): but they do stop the march of balding for a significant period of time. Medication containing DHT inhibitors is ideal for people who find themselves going bald at an early age and wish to arrest the process without recourse to the more drastic solution of hair replacement surgery.

Hair loss medication works best on the crown of the head and has little or no success in restoring hair growth at the forehead area of the hair line. There’s no clear evidence to support theories trying to explain this phenomenon, not that it matters over much: the effect is known and there seems to be nothing that medication can do to halt hair loss in this area. Patients experiencing severely receding hair lines are advised to try hair replacement surgery treatments rather than medications.

There is some mythology surrounding the use of diet in replacing hair, or slowing down hair loss. In general terms, this simply isn’t true. The only situations in which particular food groups, types or diets can aid hair growth regeneration are those in which the patient has lost hair as the result of an illness or dietary choice that can be reversed through eating particular foods. In these cases, some food types do qualify as hair loss medication: as a general rule, though, it’s DHT inhibitors, surgery, or nothing.

As with hair replacement therapy, which has come a very long way since its first use all those years ago, medication to halt or reverse hair loss is now a definitely viable option. That’s great news for patients who do not wish to go as far as having hair transplants.